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Stand UP - #IT STARTS Here

​​​​​​​​  A Conversation, a Movement, a Change​!

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IT STARTS is a public awareness campaign designed to take a proactive step towards addressing racism and discrimination in Simcoe County.

IT STARTS works to promote a unified community that encourages collective action against racism and discrimination.

How to get Involved

What:  “Stand Up" is a public education initiative to promote a unified community that stands up and embraces acceptance, inclusion, equity and diversity. This year's campaign is focused on place and space, It Starts Here.

When: The campaign runs April 23 – May 4, 2018

Who:   Everyone. IT STARTS is open to everyone living/working/visiting in Simcoe County.

How:   Below are a list of activities to get involved in the “Stand Up" campaign:

  1. Pick up cards from your local library branch or request cards from the Local Immigration Partnership (sclip@simcoe.ca ) Digital copies are available at Simcoe.ca/ITSTARTS.
  2. Share your message:
    1. Pictures and videos (no more than 30 seconds) on Twitter @simcoecounty, Facebook @CountyofSimcoe and Instagram using #ITSTARTS.
    2. Display the cards and make them visible.
    3. Perform acts of inclusivity (host a multicultural lunch, learn about different cultures, ask questions, read international authors)
  3. Educate yourself.  Visit Simcoe.ca/ITSTARTS for definitions and resources on how to take safe and purposeful action against racism and discrimination.
  4. Challenge friends, family members, colleagues, and community leaders to STAND UP.  There is strength in numbers!  Follow the conversation on Twitter° @simcoecounty and Facebook @CountyofSimcoe, and Instagram.   Use #ITSTARTS

We're happy that you have decided to take part in the Pledge Campaign.  As the Pledge continues to grow and evolve, please note that your photo or video may be used in promotion or advertisement of the Pledge campaign, as well as, additional efforts aimed at addressing racism and discrimination.  For additional details, please contact:  sclip@simcoe.ca

 

 

Immigrants do not Want to Integrate into Canadian SocietyImmigrants do not Want to Integrate into Canadian Society<div style="width:100%;"> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/jGF2MEuhLqk" frameborder="0" style="width:100%;height:360px;"></iframe>  </div> <h1> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Facts</span></h1><ul><ul><li><p>Research shows that newcomers have a difficult time finding employment. Without much money, they are in need of affordable housing. This leads to an increased population of newcomers living in the same neighborhood. It has more to do with financial reasons than it does cultural reasons. </p></li><ul><li><p> <a href="https://www.thespec.com/news-story/2222361-10-myths-about-immigration/"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.thespec.com/news-story/2222361-10-myths-about-immigration/</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span></p></li></ul><li><p>97.1% of the immigrant population speak one or more official language </p></li><ul><li><p> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2016 Census, Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, Community Data Program (distributor).</span></span></p></li></ul><li><p>38% of immigrants volunteered in 2013.</p></li><ul><li><p> <a href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-652-x/89-652-x2015003-eng.htm#a12"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-652-x/89-652-x2015003-eng.htm#a12</span></span></a></p></li></ul><li><p>Immigrants donate money as frequently as people born in Canada.</p></li><ul><li><p> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Statistics Canada, Canada Survey of Giving, Volunteering and Participating, 2007 and 2010. </span></span> <a href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/11-008-x/2012001/article/11669-eng.htm"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/11-008-x/2012001/article/11669-eng.htm</span></span></a></p></li></ul><li><p>81.1% of immigrants living in Simcoe County are Canadian citizens.</p></li><ul><li><p> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2016 Census, Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, Community Data Program (distributor).</span></span></p></li></ul><li><p>The research also shows that newcomers like the support they receive from their cultural community.</p></li><ul><li><p> <a href="https://www.thespec.com/news-story/2222361-10-myths-about-immigration/"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.thespec.com/news-story/2222361-10-myths-about-immigration/</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span></p></li></ul><li><p>Newcomers are open to relocation. They often choose to live in areas that are affordable, safe, and welcoming.  </p></li></ul></ul><h1> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Resources</span></h1><ul><ul><li><p>Read the letter a seventh-grade immigrant wrote to a young Syrian refugee about integrating to life in Canada: <a href="https://www.buzzfeed.com/craigsilverman/from-one-7th-grader-to-another"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.buzzfeed.com/craigsilverman/from-one-7th-grader-to-another</span></span></a> </p></li><li><p>A CBC News Article exploring who is responsible for integrating immigrants into society: <a href="https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/immigrants-canadians-share-responsibility-to-integrate-1.4144202"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/immigrants-canadians-share-responsibility-to-integrate-1.4144202</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span></p></li><li><p>Read the personal stories of immigrants on integrating to life in Canada: <a href="https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/time-to-lead/canadian-immigrants-share-their-personal-stories/article4178860/"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/time-to-lead/canadian-immigrants-share-their-personal-stories/article4178860/</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span></p></li><li><p>A CBC News Article exploring why immigrants might congregate: <a href="https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/immigrants-canadians-share-responsibility-to-integrate-1.4144202"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/immigrants-canadians-share-responsibility-to-integrate-1.4144202</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span></p></li><li><p>A National Post Article explaining why there are ethnic enclaves: <a href="https://nationalpost.com/news/canada/canada-as-immigration-booms-ethnic-enclaves-swell-and-segregate"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://nationalpost.com/news/canada/canada-as-immigration-booms-ethnic-enclaves-swell-and-segregate</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span></p></li><li><p>An article in the Toronto Star which explains how multicultural ethnic enclaves actually are: <a href="https://www.thestar.com/news/immigration/2015/08/19/canadas-ethnic-enclaves-more-diverse-than-you-think-study-finds.html"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.thestar.com/news/immigration/2015/08/19/canadas-ethnic-enclaves-more-diverse-than-you-think-study-finds.html</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span></p></li></ul></ul>
Immigrants take away jobs from Canadian born residentsImmigrants take away jobs from Canadian born residents<div style="width:100%;"> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/sZrDn_cCuXA" frameborder="0" style="width:100%;height:360px;"></iframe>  </div> <h1> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Facts </span></h1><ul><li><p>Canada's worker-to-retiree ratio is 4 to 1. By 2035, there will be only 2 workers for every retiree. </p></li><ul><li> <strong> </strong><a href="https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/campaigns/immigration-matters/track-record.html"><em>https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/campaigns/immigration-matters/track-record.html</em></a><em> </em></li></ul><li><p>Starting in 2015, more people turned 65 than young people turned 15, meaning that growth of the core working-age group is now exclusively from net migration.</p></li><ul><li> <a href="https://www.fin.gov.on.ca/en/economy/ltr/2014/ch1.html">https://www.fin.gov.on.ca/en/economy/ltr/2014/ch1.html</a><span style="text-decoration:underline;"> </span></li></ul><li><p> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">In 2016, 86.8% of Simcoe County's labor force was comprised of Canadian-born workers. 13.2% of the labor force was comprised of immigrants.</span></p></li><ul><li> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source: 2016 Census, <em>Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, </em>Community Data Program (distributor).</span></span></li></ul><li><p>Immigrant residents tend to be more highly educated than Canadian-born residents. Despite this, recent immigrants often have a more difficult time finding employment.</p></li><ul><li> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source: 2016 Census, <em>Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, </em>Community Data Program (distributor).</span></span></li></ul><li><p>In Simcoe County, recent immigrants (arriving to Canada between 2011 and 2016) had an unemployment rate of 10.4%. In comparison, the total population's unemployment rate was 6.9%.</p></li><ul><li> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source: 2016 Census, <em>Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, </em>Community Data Program (distributor).</span></span></li></ul><li><p>31.7% of Ontario's labour force are immigrants.</p></li><ul><li> <a href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/tv.action?pid=1410008301">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/tv.action?pid=1410008301</a><br><strong> </strong></li></ul></ul><h1> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Resources</span></h1><ul><li><p>Visit http://hireimmigrants.simcoe.ca to learn about the benefits of hiring immigrants. </p></li><li><p>An information site on the benefits of hiring immigrants: <a href="https://immigration.simcoe.ca/employer-resources/why-hire-immigrants">https://immigration.simcoe.ca/employer-resources/why-hire-immigrants</a> </p></li><li><p>Ten reasons to hire a newcomer to Canada: <a href="https://www.newcomerscanadajobs.ca/pages/11618-10-reasons-to-hire-a-newcomer-to-canada">https://www.newcomerscanadajobs.ca/pages/11618-10-reasons-to-hire-a-newcomer-to-canada</a> </p></li></ul><p>An article explaining the difficult process of finding a job as a Canadian immigrant: <a href="https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/immigration-employment-canada-1.3831468">https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/immigration-employment-canada-1.3831468</a></p>
Many Immigrants are CriminalsMany Immigrants are Criminals<div style="width:100%;"> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/OYx7rctHPJk" frameborder="0" style="width:100%;height:360px;"></iframe>  </div> <h1> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Facts</span></h1><ul><li>Crime in Canada decreased by 19.7% between 2006 and 2016, while the immigrant population has increased by 2.1%. </li><ul><li> <a href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/12-581-x/2018000/cri-eng.htm"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/12-581-x/2018000/cri-eng.htm</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span></li></ul><li><p>The International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy states that immigrants are less involved in criminal activity than their Canadian-born counterparts.</p></li><ul><li><p> <a href="https://www.citywindsor.ca/residents/socialservices-/social-services-overview/welcoming-refugees/documents/myths%20about%20immigration.pdf"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.citywindsor.ca/residents/socialservices-/social-services-overview/welcoming-refugees/documents/myths%20about%20immigration.pdf</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis" lang="EN-US"> </span></p></li></ul><li><p>A study in the 1990s by the Correctional Service of Canada found that immigrants in all regions and age groups were under-represented among those serving two or more years in federal penitentiaries.</p></li><ul><li><p> <a href="https://www.thespec.com/news-story/2222361-10-myths-about-immigration/"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.thespec.com/news-story/2222361-10-myths-about-immigration/</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span><br> </p></li></ul></ul><h1> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Resources</span></h1><ul><li>Article discussing the past and present relationship between immigrants and crime in North America, and why the crime rate is dropping: <a href="https://thewalrus.ca/arrival-of-the-fittest/?utm_source=walrusmagazine.com&utm_medium=redirect&utm_campaign=move+old+website"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://thewalrus.ca/arrival-of-the-fittest/?utm_source=walrusmagazine.com&utm_medium=redirect&utm_campaign=move+old+website</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span></li><li><p>Scholarly article which proves that immigration does not cause crime in Canada: <a href="http://www.clsrn.econ.ubc.ca/workingpapers/CLSRN%20Working%20Paper%20no.%20135%20-%20Zhang.pdf"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">http://www.clsrn.econ.ubc.ca/workingpapers/CLSRN%20Working%20Paper%20no.%20135%20-%20Zhang.pdf</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span></p></li><li><p>University of Toronto thesis which analyzes the relationship (or lack thereof) between crime and immigration: <a href="http://hdl.handle.net/1807/79009">http://hdl.handle.net/1807/79009</a> </p></li></ul>
Newcomers are All the Same, They All Have Similar ExperiencesNewcomers are All the Same, They All Have Similar Experiences<div style="width:100%;"> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/LTATkt6vvIo" frameborder="0" style="width:100%;height:360px;"></iframe>  </div> <h1> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Facts</span></h1><ul><ul><li><p>There are 112 non-official mother tongues spoken in Simcoe County (to be included)</p></li><ul><li><p> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2016 Census, Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, Community Data Program (distributor).</span></span></p></li></ul><li><p>In Simcoe County, approximately 210 ethnic origins or ancestries were reported by residents. </p></li><ul><li><p> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2016 Census, Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, Community Data Program (distributor).</span></span><br><br> </p></li></ul></ul></ul><h1> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Resources</span></h1><ul><ul><li><p>Read 18 different essays, each detailing the very different experiences, opinions, and lives of immigrants: <a href="https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/rachelysanders/essays-about-the-immigrant-experience"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis">https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/rachelysanders/essays-about-the-immigrant-experience</span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span></p></li><li><p>Canadian Centre for Diversity and Inclusion: <a href="https://ccdi.ca/">https://ccdi.ca/</a> </p></li><li><p>Celebrate the contributions and uniqueness of immigrants by visiting <a href="https://www.iamanimmigrant.com/stories/">https://www.iamanimmigrant.com/stories/</a>  </p></li></ul></ul>
Newcomers to Canada are Unskilled or UneducatedNewcomers to Canada are Unskilled or Uneducated<div style="width:100%;"> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/p2cpXnq-NM4" frameborder="0" style="width:100%;height:360px;"></iframe>  </div><div style="width:100%;"> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/QG_g5_NtbWw" frameborder="0" style="width:100%;height:360px;"></iframe>  </div> <h1> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Facts </span></h1><ul><li><p>42.2% of recent immigrants residing in Simcoe County between the ages of 25-64 have a university degree.</p></li><ul><li> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2016 Census, <em>Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, </em>Community Data Program (distributor).</span></span></li></ul><li><p>At the time of the 2016 Census, 60.8% of immigrants aged 25-64 years in Simcoe County had completed postsecondary education.</p></li><ul><li> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2016 Census, <em>Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, </em>Community Data Program (distributor). </span></span></li></ul><li><p>42.4% of engineering graduates in Simcoe County are immigrants.</p></li><ul><li> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2016 Census, <em>Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, </em>Community Data Program (distributor).</span></span></li></ul><li><p>55.2% of immigrants residing in Simcoe County obtained their education in Canada.</p></li><ul><li> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2016 Census, </span></span> <em class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, </span></em> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Community Data Program (distributor). </span></span><br> </li></ul></ul><h1> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Resources</span> </h1><ul><li><p>An article examining the education of immigrants, and how Canada will likely benefit from the successes of Syrian refugees: <a href="https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/where-refugees-will-make-their-mark-on-campus/article28038955/">https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/where-refugees-will-make-their-mark-on-campus/article28038955/</a> </p></li><li><p>Statistics Canada data relating to required Immigrant Education and Job Skills: <a href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/75-001-x/2008112/article/10766-eng.htm">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/75-001-x/2008112/article/10766-eng.htm</a> </p></li><li><p>Statistics Canada data on internationally-educated immigrants between the ages of 25 and 64: <a href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/81-595-m/2010084/e2-eng.htm">https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/81-595-m/2010084/e2-eng.htm</a> </p></li></ul>
Refugees Receive Special Treatment and Add to the Tax BurdenRefugees Receive Special Treatment and Add to the Tax Burden<h2>Refugees receive special treatment and add to the tax burden (i.e. they don't pay taxes, the sponsorship they receive from IRCC are more than average Canadian wages)</h2><p><br></p><div style="width:100%;"> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/6dLPmmTAJxk" frameborder="0" style="width:100%;height:360px;"></iframe>  </div> <h1><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Facts </span></h1><ul><li><p>In 2016, 100% of refugees who arrived in Simcoe County were privately sponsored. </p></li><ul><li><p> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2016 Census, Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, Community Data Program (distributor).</span></span></p></li></ul><li>In 2015, 62.4% of the total income of immigrants in Simcoe County came from employment. Private pensions, investments, and other market income accounted for an additional 20.1% of total income.</li><ul><li> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2016 Census, Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, Community Data Program (distributor).</span></span></li></ul><li>Non-status immigrants pay HST, property taxes, contribute to CPP, and may have social insurance numbers.</li><ul><li> <a href="https://www.citywindsor.ca/residents/socialservices-/social-services-overview/welcoming-refugees/documents/myths%20about%20immigration.pdf"> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.citywindsor.ca/residents/socialservices-/social-services-overview/welcoming-refugees/documents/myths%20about%20immigration.pdf</span></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis" lang="EN-US"> </span></li></ul></ul><ul><li> <span lang="EN-US">Under the Resettlement Assistance Program, the Government of Canada helps government-assisted refugees with essential services and income support once they are in Canada. The refugee receives this income support for up to one year or until they can support themselves, whichever comes first. Basic social assistance rates in each province help guide the amount of money refugees receive for shelter, food, and other basic needs.</span></li><ul><li> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis" lang="EN-US"> <a href="https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/refugees/canada-role.html"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/refugees/canada-role.html</span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1" lang="EN-US"> </span></span></li></ul></ul><ul><li> <span lang="EN-US"> <span lang="EN-US">Temporary foreign workers, refugee claimants, and permanent residents pay all taxes but can't access many Canadian services due to their non-permanent status.</span></span></li><ul><li> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis" lang="EN-US"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1" lang="EN-US"> <a href="https://www.citywindsor.ca/residents/socialservices-/social-services-overview/welcoming-refugees/documents/myths%20about%20immigration.pdf">https://www.citywindsor.ca/residents/socialservices-/social-services-overview/welcoming-refugees/documents/myths%20about%20immigration.pdf</a><span lang="EN-US"> </span></span></span></li><li> <span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis" lang="EN-US"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1" lang="EN-US"> <span lang="EN-US"> <a href="https://www.thespec.com/news-story/2222361-10-myths-about-immigration/">https://www.thespec.com/news-story/2222361-10-myths-about-immigration/</a></span></span></span></li></ul></ul><ul><li>On June 4, 1969, Canada signed the United Nations Convention on the Status of Refugees. Canada recognized its obligations for refugee protection not merely as a humanitarian gesture, but also a legal requirement as a signatory state. Canada's national obligation to ensure refugee resettlement is protected under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, SC 2001, c 27. <br></li></ul><h1> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Resources</span></h1><ul><li>An article on government assistance for refugees: <a href="https://www.ctvnews.ca/politics/fact-check-do-refugees-get-more-financial-help-than-canadian-pensioners-1.2670735">https://www.ctvnews.ca/politics/fact-check-do-refugees-get-more-financial-help-than-canadian-pensioners-1.2670735</a> </li><li>Information on how Canada's immigration system works: <a href="https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/campaigns/irregular-border-crossings-asylum/understanding-the-system.html">https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/campaigns/irregular-border-crossings-asylum/understanding-the-system.html</a> </li><li>An article on the economic benefits of immigration in Canada: <a href="https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/rob-commentary/immigration-is-a-net-economic-benefit-this-is-a-story-canada-should-build-on/article31854798/">https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/rob-commentary/immigration-is-a-net-economic-benefit-this-is-a-story-canada-should-build-on/article31854798/</a></li></ul>


 

 

IT STARTS... With Creating AcceptanceIT STARTS... With Creating Acceptance<h3>Acceptance - Positive welcome and belonging</h3><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source: Merriam-Webster (n.d).  Definition of acceptance.  Retrieved May 11, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://www.merriam-webster.com/"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>merriam-webster.com</em></span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>.</em></span></p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4">Forms of Acceptance</span></strong></p><p><strong>1.</strong>    <strong>Self-acceptance:</strong> Happiness or satisfaction with one's current self. </p><p><strong>2.</strong>    <strong>Social acceptance:</strong> Ability to accept differences and diversity in other people or groups or people. </p><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><strong>How to Take Safe and Purposeful Action </strong></span></span></p><p><strong>At work:</strong></p><ul><li>Consider multicultural holidays in workplace policies/planning</li><li>Designate a prayer space at work</li><li><a href="http://harmonyatwork.ca/">Provide cultural competency training</a> to management and frontline staff</li><li>Include immigrants in organization's decision making or planning process (e.g. Board of Directors)</li></ul><p><strong>In your community:</strong></p><ul><li>Increase media coverage of <a href="https://pier21.ca/stories/search">immigrant stories and initiatives</a></li><li>Develop opportunities for seniors to share their stories</li><li>Have multicultural crayons available for children to use in waiting rooms at your local child care centre</li><li>Understand different religions/spiritualties by visiting different local religious organizations</li></ul><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteThemeFontFace-2">Resources</span></strong></p><p>The Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21 has an <a href="https://pier21.ca/stories/search">online story collection</a> to help you look for specific immigrants stories.</p><p><a href="http://harmonyatwork.ca/">Workplace Equity & Diversity Programs</a>.</p><p><a href="http://files.peacecorps.gov/multimedia/pdf/library/T0087_culturematters.pdf">A cross-cultural training workbook developed by the Peace Corps</a> to help new volunteers acquire the knowledge and skills to work successfully and respectfully in other cultures.</p><p><a href="https://www.teachers.ab.ca/sitecollectiondocuments/ata/publications/human-rights-issues/mon-3%20here%20comes%20everyone.pdf">Here Comes Everyone: </a> A resource on teaching in the intercultural classroom from the Alberta Teachers' Association.</p><p><a href="http://rapworkers.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/what-does-it-mean-to-be-culturally-competent-1.pdf">“What does it mean to be culturally competent"</a> written by Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants (OCASI) with the support of the Canadian Government.</p>
IT STARTS... With Promoting InclusivityIT STARTS... With Promoting Inclusivity<h3>Inclusivity - State of belonging and interdependence that arises when every individual is accepted as an equal and valued member of the community; includes the removal of barriers to allow for full participation. </h3><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Carleton University Equity Services (2017).  Anti-racism definitions.  Retrieved May 5, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://carleton.ca/equity/human-rights/racism/anti-racism-definitions/"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>https://carleton.ca/equity/human-rights/racism/anti-racism-definitions/</em></span></a></p><p><strong>Promoting inclusivity, "creates an atmosphere in which all people feel valued and respected and have access to the same opportunities."  </strong></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Riordan, C.M. (2014).  Diversity is useless without inclusivity.  Retrieved May 4, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://hbr.org/2014/06/diversity-is-useless-without-inclusivity"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>https://hbr.org/2014/06/diversity-is-useless-without-inclusivity</em></span></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteThemeFontFace-2">What does an inclusive community look like?</span></strong></p><p>An inclusive community:</p><ul><li>Respects all of its citizens, ensuring full access to resources, and promoting equal treatment and opportunity.</li><li>Works to eliminate all forms of discrimination.</li><li>Engages all its citizens in decision-making processes that affect their lives.</li><li>Values diversity.</li><li>Responds quickly to racist and other discriminating incidents.</li></ul><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source: Community tool box (2016).   Cultural competence in a multicultural world.  Section 11:  Building inclusive communities.  Retrieved May 8, 2017 from </em></span><a href="http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/culture/cultural-competence/inclusive-communities/main"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/culture/cultural-competence/inclusive-communities/main</em></span></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteStyle-Accent1">How to Take Safe and Purposeful Action </strong></p><ul><li><strong>Language: </strong> Consider or examine the language you use on a daily basis and seek inclusivity in communication.  Avoid words or expressions that may exclude certain groups or individuals (see resources below for the Inclusive Language Guidelines). </li><li><strong>Consider your Environment:</strong>  Assess your physical space and consider how inclusive it is.  Consider showing images of a diverse range of individuals that match the make-up of your community.  If you work in the field of childcare, consider having multicultural crayons, books/stories, and diverse toys for use.  For a list of multicultural books and toys <a href="http://www.welcomehere.ca/index.cfm?&stopRedirect=1">click here</a></li><li><strong>Planning and Development:</strong>  Include a diverse range of individuals (age, gender, ethno-cultural diversity, etc.) in policy or program planning.  Diversity of thought brings in fresh perspectives and improved innovation.  </li></ul><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4">Resources</span></strong></p><p><a href="http://rapworkers.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/what-does-it-mean-to-be-culturally-competent-1.pdf">Inclusive Language Guidelines</a>.</p><p><a href="http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/culture/cultural-competence/inclusive-communities/main">Learn how to build an inclusive community. </a></p><p><a href="http://inclusiveschools.org/inclusion-resources/">A multitude of inclusion resources from inclusion basics, self-assessments, inclusive language, and strategies for collaboration.</a></p><p><a href="https://www.ohcc-ccso.ca/sites/default/files/Action_on_Inclusion_Resource_Kit.pdf">Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition has developed a tool-kit</a> to assist organizations in becoming more equitable, diverse, and inclusive.</p>
IT STARTS... With Reducing PrejudiceIT STARTS... With Reducing Prejudice<h3>Prejudice  - Attitude or judgement about an individual or group based on stereotypes and inadequate knowledge; irrationally and falsely attributing the same characteristics to every member of a group; most often a negative, unfavourable, or inferior opinion about a person of colour.  </h3><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Carleton University Equity Services (2017).  Anti-racism definitions.  Retrieved May 5, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://carleton.ca/equity/human-rights/racism/anti-racism-definitions/"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>https://carleton.ca/equity/human-rights/racism/anti-racism-definitions/</em></span></a></p><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><strong>Examples</strong></span></span></p><p><strong>Racism:</strong>  belief that race, skin colour or culture makes certain people inferior (e.g. believing that whites are superior to people of colour or people who practice Judaism)</p><p><strong>Racial Prejudice:</strong><strong> </strong>refers to a set of discriminatory or derogatory attitudes based on assumptions deriving from perceptions about race and/or skin colour.</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source: Calgary Anti-Racism Education (2019). Reverse Racism – Myth or Reality? Retrieved January 2019 from </em></span><a href="http://www.aclrc.com/myth-of-reverse-racism/"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://www.aclrc.com/myth-of-reverse-racism/</em></span></a></p><p><strong>Ableism:</strong>  belief that physical and/or mental ability makes one group superior (e.g. that differently abled people are inferior to typically abled people or seniors are frail and weak)</p><p><strong>Ageism:</strong>  belief that age determines status or ability (e.g. adults are superior to young people and older adults)</p><p><strong>Lookism:</strong> belief that appearance and looks determine status (e.g. those who are thin or good looking have more money and status in society)</p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4">How to Take Safe and Purposeful Action </span></strong></p><p>There are many ways to reduce prejudice and discrimination. A few suggestions are listed below:</p><ul><li>Become aware of your own prejudices.</li><li>Broaden your horizons.</li><li>Don't laugh at racist, sexist or heterosexist jokes.</li><li>Refuse to watch movies, read books, play video games or participate in activities promoting prejudice.</li><li>Challenge friends/peers who express prejudiced beliefs.</li><li>Work with a diverse group of people at school/in your community.</li><li>Support organizations that help address the roots/effects of prejudice.</li><li>Confront prejudice at work by refusing to work in an environment that supports discriminatory policies or practices.</li></ul><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Kids Help Phone (n.d).  Embracing differences:  What you can do about prejudice.  Retrieved May 11, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://kidshelpphone.ca/article/embracing-differences-what-you-can-do-about-prejudice-0"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>https://kidshelpphone.ca/article/embracing-differences-what-you-can-do-about-prejudice-0</em></span></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4">Resources </span></strong></p><p>The single underlying cause of racial prejudice is lack of knowledge.  Support education and information sharing.</p><p><a href="http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/culture/cultural-competence/reduce-prejudice-racism/main">Learn strategies and activities for reducing racial prejudice and racism.</a> </p><p>Reducing prejudices needs to be more than an organizational goal; it needs to be a personal goal for each of us. <a href="http://www.beyondprejudice.com/reduce_your.html">The following list contains ways to help reduce prejudices within ourselves and in those around us.</a></p>
IT STARTS... With Standing Against DiscriminationIT STARTS... With Standing Against Discrimination<h3>Discrimination - The unequal treatment of members of various groups based on race, gender, social class, sexual orientation, physical ability, religion and other categories.   </h3><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source: Racial equity tools (n.d.).  Glossary:  Discrimination.  Retrieved May 8, 2017 from </em></span><a href="http://racialequitytools.org/glossary#discrimination"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://racialequitytools.org/glossary#discrimination</em></span></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4">Forms of Discrimination</span></strong></p><p><strong>Harassment:</strong>  Inappropriate jokes, insults, name-calling or displays such as a poster or cartoons directed at a person because of race, colour, sex or gender, sexual orientation, etc.</p><p><strong>Wage discrimination:</strong>  An employer offering a lower wage for similar work because of gender, race, sexual orientation, etc. </p><p><strong>Discrimination in hiring:</strong>  During a job interview, being asked inappropriate questions about: child care arrangements if you are a parent or whether or not you plan to have children; disabilities or health limitations; age; religion or any other personal characteristic protected under human rights; and not getting a job based solely on response to these questions and not qualifications or experience.</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  National Association of Japanese Canadians (2017).  What are some examples of discrimination?  Retrieved May 8, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://najc.ca/what-are-some-examples-of-discrimination/"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>https://najc.ca/what-are-some-examples-of-discrimination/</em></span></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4">How to Take Safe and Purposeful Action </span></strong></p><p>Everyone has a responsibility to create environments in which others feel safe. </p><p><strong>Read outside the lines:</strong>  It is important for young people to have characters, in both fiction and nonfiction, who feel relatable. Host a book club that reads texts by or about individuals who hold identities outside the socially defined "norm."  Check out some of these titles: <a href="https://www.amazon.com/Parrotfish-Ellen-Wittlinger/dp/1481468103/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1444770497&sr=1-1&keywords=parrotfish">Parrotfish</a>, <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Symptoms-Being-Human-Jeff-Garvin/dp/0062382861">Symptoms of Being Human</a>, and <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Tomboy-Graphic-Memoir-Liz-Prince/dp/1936976552/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1444770525&sr=1-1&keywords=tomboy">Tomboy</a>.</p><p><strong>Safe Space Flag:</strong> Almost 1 in 4 students report being bullied at school. Designate a Safe Space, where bullying isn't tolerated. </p><p>For a more complete list visit the link below.</p><p><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source:  Gender Spectrum (2017).  10 ways you can stand up to discrimination today.  Retrieved May 8, 2017 from </em><a href="https://www.genderspectrum.org/blog/10-ways-you-can-stand-up-to-discrimination-today/"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.genderspectrum.org/blog/10-ways-you-can-stand-up-to-discrimination-today/</em></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4">Resources</span></strong></p><p><a href="https://www.dosomething.org/campaigns">Engage partners, make allies and join a cause</a><span style="text-decoration:underline;">.</span> </p><p><a href="http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/diverse2.html">Explore the strengths of diversity by learning tips and tools to use in classrooms and other settings.</a></p><p>People experience racial discrimination in a variety of different ways.  <a href="http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/examples-racial-discrimination-fact-sheet">Visit Ontario Human Rights Commission for examples</a>.</p><p><a href="https://www.teachers.ab.ca/sitecollectiondocuments/ata/publications/human-rights-issues/mon-3%20here%20comes%20everyone.pdf">Here Comes Everyone: </a> A resource on teaching in the intercultural classroom from the Alberta Teachers' Association.</p><p><a href="http://rapworkers.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/what-does-it-mean-to-be-culturally-competent-1.pdf">“What does it mean to be culturally competent"</a> written by Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants (OCASI) with the support of the Canadian Government.</p><p><a href="https://www.ohcc-ccso.ca/sites/default/files/Action_on_Inclusion_Resource_Kit.pdf">Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition has developed a tool-kit</a></p>
IT STARTS... With Combatting RacismIT STARTS... With Combatting Racism<h3>Racism is the belief that there are human groups with particular (usually physical) characteristics that make them superior or inferior to others. Racist behaviour can be overt, such as treating some people according to their race or colour, but also covert, when society systematically treats groups according to some form of discriminating judgement. </h3><p><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source:  React to Racism (2017).  Let's fight racism Retrieved January 2019 from </em><a href="http://www.un.org/en/letsfightracism/issues.shtml"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">http://www.un.org/en/letsfightracism/issues.shtml</em></a></p><p><strong>Forms of Racism</strong></p><p><strong>1.</strong>    <strong>Racial Prejudice: </strong>refers to a set of discriminatory or derogatory attitudes based on assumptions deriving from perceptions about race and/or skin colour.</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source: Calgary Anti-Racism Education (2019). Reverse Racism – Myth or Reality? Retrieved January 2019 from </em></span><a href="http://www.aclrc.com/myth-of-reverse-racism/"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://www.aclrc.com/myth-of-reverse-racism/</em></span></a></p><p> </p><p><strong>2.</strong>    <strong>Racial Discrimination: </strong>the illegal expression of racism. It includes any action, intentional or not, that has the effect of singling out persons based on their race, and imposing burdens on them and not on others, or withholding or limiting access to benefits available to other members of society. <br><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source: Ontario Human Rights Commission (2019). Racial Discrimination (brochure) Retrieved January 2019 from </em></span><a href="http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/racial-discrimination-brochure"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/racial-discrimination-brochure</em></span></a><br></p><p><strong>3.</strong>    <strong>Individual or Internalized racism:</strong>  This is racism that exists within individuals.  It is when, either knowing it or not, someone has negative ideas about themselves and their race or culture. <br><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source: Myers, A. & Ogino, Y. (n.d.).  Power, privilege, and oppression.  Retrieved May 11, 2017 from </em></span><a href="http://www.scrippscollege.edu/xbk/wp-content/uploads/sites/35/files/Power-Privilege-and-Oppression.pdf"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://www.scrippscollege.edu/xbk/wp-content/uploads/sites/35/files/Power-Privilege-and-Oppression.pdf</em></span></a><br><br>Examples: Skin lightening, wearing coloured contact lenses.  The individual believes that life would be better if they acted, looked, or spoke more like the dominant culture.<br></p><p><strong>4.</strong>    <strong>Interpersonal racism:</strong>  This is racism that exists between individuals.  It is the holding of negative attitudes towards a different race or culture.<br class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><a href="http://www.intergroupresources.com/race-and-racism/"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Intergroup Resources (n.d.).  Race and racism.  Retrieved May 11, 2017 from </em></span></a><a href="http://www.intergroupresources.com/race-and-racism/"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://www.intergroupresources.com/race-and-racism/</em></span></a><br><a href="http://www.intergroupresources.com/race-and-racism/"> </a><br>Examples:  <br><br><em>Social distancing & stigmatization: </em>Verbal and non-verbal behaviour that communicate exclusion and/or rejection.<br><br><em>Discrimination at work or school:</em> Stereotypes about competency, honesty, or diligence can block the creation of opportunities for employment or education.<br><br><em>Threat & harassment: </em>Targeted individuals can become victims of verbal and physical assault when the social barriers & protections against attack do not extend to those who are stigmatized.<br><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Myers, A. & Ogino, Y. (n.d.).  Power, privilege, and oppression.  Retrieved May 11, 2017 from </em></span><a href="http://www.scrippscollege.edu/xbk/wp-content/uploads/sites/35/files/Power-Privilege-and-Oppression.pdf"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://www.scrippscollege.edu/xbk/wp-content/uploads/sites/35/files/Power-Privilege-and-Oppression.pdf</em></span></a></p><p><strong>5.</strong>    <strong>Systemic or Institutional racism:</strong>  This is racism that exists within social institutions (such as governmental organizations, schools, banks, and courts of law).  It is the giving of negative treatment to a group of people based on their race.<br><a href="http://www.chegg.com/homework-help/definitions/institutional-racism-49"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source: Chegg Study (n.d.).  Institutional racism.  Retrieved May 11, 2017 from </em></span></a><a href="http://www.chegg.com/homework-help/definitions/institutional-racism-49"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://www.chegg.com/homework-help/definitions/institutional-racism-49</em></span></a><br></p><p>Example: Through the hiring process, employers may state they are looking for the "right fit." The "right fit" may tend to resemble the rest of the staff they have already hired.  This may send a message about the diminished value of diversity within an organization or lack of interest to hire anyone outside of the dominant culture.  <br class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Hugher, R.L. (2014).  10 signs of institutional racism.  Retrieved May 9, 2017 from </em></span><a href="http://diverseeducation.com/article/64583/"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://diverseeducation.com/article/64583/</em></span></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4">How to Take Safe and Purposeful Action </span></strong></p><p>Examples of taking action against racism:</p><ul><li>Interrupt offensive jokes or stories and say you don't want to hear them.</li><li>Speak up when you witness discrimination against others.</li><li>Offer support to the victim. Listen carefully and respect confidentiality.</li><li>Speak up or seek help when you experience discrimination. Recognize that some situations are best addressed publicly and others privately.</li><li>Become involved and work with others. <strong>Anti-racism is everyone's responsibility.</strong></li><li>Encourage work and study environments to be places where diversity is valued.</li><li>Discuss issues of inclusion and diversity with children, youth, and adults.</li><li>Educate yourself about human rights.</li><li>Be aware of how your actions might intentionally or unintentionally affect others.</li><li>Think critically about the language that you use.</li><li>Be sensitive to other's feelings.</li><li>Question the validity of generalized statements.<br> <br><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  NPR (2019).  Boston Launches Anti-Islamophobia Poster Campaign.  Retrieved January, 2019 from </em></span><a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/07/18/537899187/boston-launches-anti-islamophobia-poster-campaign"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/07/18/537899187/boston-launches-anti-islamophobia-poster-campaign</em></span></a></li></ul><p><strong class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteStyle-Accent1">Resources</strong></p><p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b0Ti-gkJiXc">Confronting racist or derogatory comments can be challenging.  Explore safely how to confront a racist with cultural commentator Jay Smooth. </a> </p><p>The Racial Justice Network UK offers 5 Ways to Disrupt Racism in this <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lcd4VXHTR3Y">video</a>.</p><p>Learn about the Ontario Human Rights Code that provides for equal rights, opportunities, and freedom from discrimination.  The Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) provides support for individuals and organizations to identify and address racism and discrimination: <a href="http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/racial-discrimination-brochure">Brochure available for download.</a></p><p>Dr. Camara Jones shares <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNhcY6fTyBM">four allegories on "race" and racism at a local TEDx event</a>.  Through telling stories foundational knowledge on these concepts is explored and individuals are empowered to act against racism.<img class="ms-rtePosition-1" alt="racism.jpg" src="/ChildrenandCommunityServices/PublishingImages/Pages/IT%20Starts/By-taking-action-against-racism/racism.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:430px;" /></p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em><font size="3"></font></em></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source:  Carleton University Equity Services (2017).  Take action against racism.  Retrieved May 5, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://carleton.ca/equity/human-rights/racism/take-action-against-racism/"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://carleton.ca/equity/human-rights/racism/take-action-against-racism/</em></span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis" id="ms-rterangepaste-end"></span><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"> </span></p>
IT STARTS... With Challenging StereotypesIT STARTS... With Challenging Stereotypes<h3>False, overly simplistic, or unfounded assumptions about a group of people that results in disregard for individual differences amongst group members; usually, negative preconception that characterizes each member of that group as being the same. </h3><p><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source:  Carleton University Equity Services (2017).  Anti-racism definitions.  Retrieved May 5, 2017 from </em><a href="https://carleton.ca/equity/human-rights/racism/anti-racism-definitions/"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://carleton.ca/equity/human-rights/racism/anti-racism-definitions/</em></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteThemeFontFace-2">Examples</span></strong></p><p>Stereotypes are judgmental and negative and present a fixed and inflexible image of a group.  They ignore individual differences.</p><p>Examples:</p><ul><li>All Asians are Chinese.</li><li>All Irish people are drunks and eat potatoes.</li><li>All Arabs and Muslims are terrorists.</li><li>All black people are of lower intelligence or of poor academic ability.</li><li>All American's are rude and self-centered.</li></ul><p>While some stereotypes might “seem" positive, the impact is always negative. For example, the statement “Asians are all good at math." It might seem to be a “positive" statement. But the reality is that there are two potential outcomes: </p><p>1.) An Asian person is good at math, thereby strengthening the stereotype and making that an “expectation" for all Asian people</p><p> 2.) An Asian person is not good at math, and society questions “what is wrong with them" – because they are deviating from what is expected.</p><p>Both outcomes are harmful, not only to the individual, but to Asian people in general.</p><p><strong class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteStyle-Accent1">How to Take Safe and Purposeful Action </strong></p><p>To create awareness of racial stereotypes: </p><ol><li>Acknowledge that we are all human and that we do stereotype people.  It is human nature to put people and things in categories.  We must start to consider the origins of these ideas and clarify evidence that supports these stereotypes.  </li><li>Increase awareness of inner thoughts and racial stereotyping; when you realize you are thinking about a racial stereotype follow it up with an alternative thought based in fact.  </li><li>Obtain factual information by increasing your interactions with people of other ethnic/cultural groups.  Awareness and knowledge about others will lessen our stereotypes and better equip you to educate, advocate, and challenge others about stereotypes. Be brave and engage in honest dialogue with members from diverse cultures and perspectives. Be respectful of an individual's request for privacy which may be cultural or personal.</li></ol><p>For the full article visit the link below.</p><p><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source:  University of Notre Dame Counselling Centre (2017).  Overcoming racial stereotypes.  Retrieved May 12, 2017 from </em><a href="http://ucc.nd.edu/self-help/multicultural-awareness/overcoming-stereotypes/"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">http://ucc.nd.edu/self-help/multicultural-awareness/overcoming-stereotypes/</em></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteStyle-Accent1">Resources</strong></p><p>Learn how individuals develop stereotypes and the negative harmful outcomes.  <a href="http://ucc.nd.edu/self-help/multicultural-awareness/overcoming-stereotypes/">Explore tips to overcome stereotypes.</a>  </p><p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MbdxeFcQtaU">In this TEDx, cultural commentator Jay Smooth discusses issues of race and racism and offers insightful and humorous suggestions for expanding perceptions on the subject.</a> </p><p><a href="http://breakingprejudice.org/teaching/group-activities/advertisement-analysis-activity.html">Explore this site for activities and worksheets that explore popular stereotypes in advertising</a>.  Gain a better awareness of everyday stereotypes.</p><p><a href="http://www.thespec.com/news-story/2222361-10-myths-about-immigration/">Ten myths and misconceptions about immigrants and immigration are debunked. </a> </p><p><a href="https://www.ted.com/talks/chimamanda_adichie_the_danger_of_a_single_story?language=en">The danger of a single story, TED Talk by the author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie</a> help us understand our own bias and the single story we build around individuals, groups, cultures, and countries.</p>
IT STARTS... With Committing to EquityIT STARTS... With Committing to Equity<h3>Equity - A condition or state of fair, inclusive, and respectful treatment of all people. Equity does not mean treating people the same without regard for individual differences.</h3><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Ministry of Education (2009).  Realizing the promise of diversity:  Ontario's equity and inclusive education strategy.  Retrieved May 5, 2017 from </em></span><a href="http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/policyfunding/equity.pdf"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/policyfunding/equity.pdf</em></span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>.</em></span></p><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4"><strong>What is the difference between Equity and Equality?</strong></span></span></p><p><strong>Equity</strong> is giving everyone what they need to be successful. <strong>E</strong><strong>quality </strong>is treating everyone the same.  </p><p>"Equality aims to promote fairness, but it can only work if everyone starts from the same place and needs the same help. Equity appears unfair, but it actively moves everyone closer to success by "leveling the playing field."  But not everyone starts at the same place, and not everyone has the same needs.</p><p><img alt="equity 1.png" src="/ChildrenandCommunityServices/PublishingImages/Pages/IT%20Starts/IT-STARTS-by-encouraging-equity/equity%201.png" style="margin:5px;" /> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Interaction Institute for Social Change (last updated January 13, 2016).  Illustrating Equality vs Equity.  Retrieved January 31, 2019 </em></span><a href="http://interactioninstitute.org/illustrating-equality-vs-equity/"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://interactioninstitute.org/illustrating-equality-vs-equity/</em></span></a></p><p><img alt="equity 2.jpg" src="/ChildrenandCommunityServices/PublishingImages/Pages/IT%20Starts/IT-STARTS-by-encouraging-equity/equity%202.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Kinshella, M.  (2016). Equity illustrated, 3rd place:  Equity is about resources.  Retrieved May 17, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://mmt.org/news/equity-illustrated-3rd-place-equity-about-resources"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>https://mmt.org/news/equity-illustrated-3rd-place-equity-about-resources</em></span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>.</em></span></p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4">Who Risks Exclusion?</span></strong></p><ul><li>Indigenous peoples</li><li>Francophones </li><li>LGBTQ2S+</li><li>Immigrants </li><li>Older Adults</li><li>Youth </li><li>People with disabilities </li><li>People living in poverty </li><li>Racialized people </li><li>Rural residents </li><li>Women</li><li>People of faith </li></ul><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  City for All Women Initiative (June 2015).  Advancing equity and inclusion:  A guide for municipalities.  Retrieved May 17, 2017 from </em></span><a href="http://www.cawi-ivtf.org/sites/default/files/publications/advancing-equity-inclusion-web_0.pdf"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://www.cawi-ivtf.org/sites/default/files/publications/advancing-equity-inclusion-web_0.pdf</em></span></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">How to Take Safe and Purposeful Action</strong></p><ul><li><strong>Consider your diversity:</strong>  Recognizing diversity within ourselves and others can help us understand how multiple factors influence the way we provide services, design policies and programs, or interact with staff and residents.</li><li><strong>Check assumptions:</strong> When we question our own ideas, we can open up to new ways of understanding.</li><li><strong>Ask about inclusion:</strong> By always asking three simple questions, we can thread equity and inclusion throughout our work: </li></ul><ol><li>Who is not included in the work you do?</li><li>What could contribute to this exclusion? </li><li>What can you do differently to ensure inclusion? </li></ol><p><strong>Apply it to your work:</strong></p><p>Here are areas of work where you can enhance equity and inclusion:</p><ul><li>Communications </li><li>Engaging Community</li><li>Planning:  Services, Programs, and Events</li><li>Recruitment and Hiring </li><li>Strategic Planning</li></ul><p>For a full list visit the document below.</p><p>Be an ally, take action: When we are allies, we commit ourselves to using the information we learn to stand beside, and advocate for, those with whom we work. It is not a one-time action. Being an ally is a lifelong learning process of asking questions so as to apply (and re-apply) insights to action.<br> <br><strong class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-4">Resources</span></strong></p><p><a href="http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/policyfunding/equity.pdf">Visit Ontario's equity and inclusive education strategy. </a></p><p><a href="https://www.edutopia.org/blog/equity-vs-equality-shane-safir">Explore six steps towards equity in the classroom.</a> </p><p>There is no quick way in which to achieve greater equity and inclusion.  <a href="http://www.cawi-ivtf.org/sites/default/files/publications/advancing-equity-inclusion-web_0.pdf">Explore the following toolkit and consider how to transform your municipality (or organization) towards more equitable and inclusive practices</a>.</p>
IT STARTS... With Valuing DiversityIT STARTS... With Valuing Diversity<h3>Diversity - The presence of a wide range of human qualities and attributes within a group, organization, or society.  The dimensions of diversity include, but are not limited to:  ancestry, culture, ethnicity, gender, gender identity, language, physical and intellectual ability, race, religion, sex, sexual orientation, and socio-economic status.  </h3><p><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source:  Ministry of Education (2009).  Realizing the promise of diversity:  Ontario's equity and inclusive education strategy.  Retrieved May 5, 2017 from </em><a href="http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/policyfunding/equity.pdf"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/policyfunding/equity.pdf</em></a><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">.</em></p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4">How to Promote Diversity </span></strong></p><p>Diversity is more than just acknowledging and/or tolerating difference. Here is a conscious list of practices that one can take to value diversity:</p><ul><li>Understand and appreciate the interdependence of humanity, cultures, and the natural environment.</li><li>Practice mutual respect for diverse identities and lived experiences.</li><li>Understand that diversity includes not only ways of being but also ways of knowing.</li><li>Recognize that personal, cultural and institutionalized discrimination creates and sustains privileges for some while creating and sustaining disadvantages for others.</li><li>Build alliances across differences so that we can work together to eradicate all forms of discrimination.</li></ul><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Queensborough Community College (2016).  Definition of diversity.  Retrieved May 5, 2017 from </em></span><a href="http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/diversity/definition.html"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/diversity/definition.html</em></span></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-4">Resources</span></strong></p><p><a href="https://www.goodreads.com/list/show/22314.Best_Multicultural_General_Fiction">List of books written by multicultural authors</a>.</p><p><a href="http://ccdi.ca/">Canadian Centre for Diversity and Inclusion</a>. </p><p><a href="https://ideal.com/diversity-and-inclusion/">Diversity and Inclusion: A Beginner's Guide for HR Professionals.</a></p><p><a href="http://www.cyh.com/HealthTopics/HealthTopicDetailsKids.aspx?p=335&np=286&id=2345">Help children explore issues and concepts of diversity.</a> </p><p><a href="http://www.the519.org/education-training/glossary">Glossary of Terms for shared understandings around equity, diversity, inclusion and awareness by the 519 Community Centre</a> </p>
IT STARTS... With Recognizing MicroaggressionsIT STARTS... With Recognizing Microaggressions<h3>​<strong>Microaggressions - A comment or action that subtly and often unconsciously or unintentionally expresses a prejudiced attitude toward a member of a marginalized group (such as a racial minority).</strong></h3><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Merriam-Webster (n.d.).  Definition of a microaggression.  Retrieved May 12, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/microaggression"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/microaggression</em></span></a></p><h2><span class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1">Examples</span></h2><p><strong>Microassault: </strong> Conscious and intentional verbal or nonverbal attack meant to hurt the intended victim through name-calling, avoidant behavior, or purposeful discriminatory actions.  They are generally expressed in limited "private" situations (micro) that allow the perpetrator some degree of anonymity.  Examples:  referring to someone as "colored" or "Oriental," discouraging interracial interactions, deliberately serving a Caucasian patron before someone of color, and displaying a swastika.</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Sue, D.W., Capodilupo, C.M., Torino, G.C., Bucceri, J.M., Holder, A.M.B., Nadal, K.L., & Esquilin, M. (2007).  Racial aggressions in everyday life.  Retrieved May 12, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://reason.kzoo.edu/csjl/assets/Racial_MicroaggressionsshortVersion.pdf"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>https://reason.kzoo.edu/csjl/assets/Racial_MicroaggressionsshortVersion.pdf</em></span></a></p><p><strong>Microinsults: </strong>Verbal, nonverbal, and environmental communications that subtly convey rudeness and insensitivity that demean a person's racial heritage or <a href="https://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/identity">identity</a>. An example is an employee who asks a co-worker of color how he/she got his/her job, implying he/she may have landed it through an affirmative action or quota system.</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Wing Sue, D. (2010). Racial microaggressions in everyday life:  Is subtle bias harmless?  Retrieved May 11, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/microaggressions-in-everyday-life/201010/racial-microaggressions-in-everyday-life"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/microaggressions-in-everyday-life/201010/racial-microaggressions-in-everyday-life</em></span></a></p><p><strong>Microinvalidations: </strong>Communications that subtly exclude, negate or nullify the thoughts, feelings or experiential reality of a person of color. For instance, a Caucasian person asking a Latino person where they were born, conveying the message that he/she are perpetual foreigners in their own land. </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Wing Sue, D. (2010). Racial microaggressions in everyday life:  Is subtle bias harmless?  Retrieved May 11, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/microaggressions-in-everyday-life/201010/racial-microaggressions-in-everyday-life"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/microaggressions-in-everyday-life/201010/racial-microaggressions-in-everyday-life</em></span></a></p><p><strong>Colour-blind microinvalidations: </strong>The belief that racism is no longer a problem. Being “colour-blind" ignores the realities that people of colour face every day.</p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteThemeFontFace-2">How to Take Safe and Purposeful Action </span></strong></p><p>It can be hard to know how to act in the moment, especially when microaggressions are likely to stir up an emotional response.  Here are some tips on how to begin to take safe and purposeful action:</p><p><strong>Assess the Situation</strong></p><ul><li>Ensure you are safe from any physical or emotional immediate harm.</li><li>Refrain from reacting immediately.</li><li>Take a breath or create a moment of silence.</li></ul><p><strong>Model the Behavior</strong></p><ul><li>Model the behavior you want from the person or people you are confronting.</li><li>Avoid being sarcastic, snide or mocking.</li><li>Remember that the goal is to educate, not to shame. It's about helping others to understand something from a different perspective.</li></ul><p><strong>Focus on the Event, Not the Person</strong></p><ul><li>Keep the focus of the conversation on the behavior or event</li></ul><p>For the full article visit the link below.</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Source:  Sehgal, P. (2016). Racial microaggressions:  The everyday assault.  American Psychiatric Association.  Retrieved May 11, 2017 from </em></span><a href="https://www.psychiatry.org/news-room/apa-blogs/apa-blog/2016/10/racial-microaggressions-the-everyday-assault"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>https://www.psychiatry.org/news-room/apa-blogs/apa-blog/2016/10/racial-microaggressions-the-everyday-assault</em></span></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Resources</strong></p><p>An article exploring racial microaggressions in everyday life.  <a href="https://world-trust.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/7-Racial-Microagressions-in-Everyday-Life.pdf">Implications for clinical practice. </a></p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;">An article explaining the effects of </span><a href="https://itsyourturnblog.com/if-you-dont-see-color-then-you-don-t-see-me-616fe2e603c8">“colour-blind microinvalidation".</a></p><p><a href="http://sph.umn.edu/site/docs/hewg/microaggressions.pdf">Examples of everyday microaggressions</a> – which include common themes and the messages they send.</p><p><a href="https://www.buzzfeed.com/hnigatu/racial-microagressions-you-hear-on-a-daily-basis?utm_term=.ib8xOBqwP#.lhpkPJjlN">21 Racial Microaggressions you hear on a daily basis</a>.  This article include photos that can serve as great conversation starters</p>
IT STARTS... With Challenging OppressionIT STARTS... With Challenging Oppression<h3>Oppression -"The social act of placing severe restrictions on an individual, group or institution.  The oppressed individual or group is devalued, exploited and deprived of privileges by the individual or group which has more power." (Barker, 2003)</h3><p><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source:  Barker, R.L. (2003).  Definition of oppression.  Social Work Dictionary.  Retrieved May 11, 2017 from </em><a href="http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mdover/website/Oppression%20Compendium%20and%20Materials/Definitions%20of%20Oppression.pdf"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mdover/website/Oppression%20Compendium%20and%20Materials/Definitions%20of%20Oppression.pdf</em></a></p><p>Sometimes these acts are explicit (such as laws in the past with respect to slavery, or the historical disenfranchisement of Canada's indigenous people), however, oppression is also formalized in the ways society has always done things, which tend to privilege white, male, cis-gender, heterosexual,middle class experiences.   </p><p>Example: Men who wear turbans may be prevented from certain jobs or hobbies in which other headgear is considered "required," without a determination of whether there are other ways to address issues of safety or uniformity. Preference for one way of "being" – can be the result of the majorities cultural upbringing.  This may cause people to discriminate without realizing why.  </p><p><strong class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteStyle-Accent1">Examples</strong></p><ul><li>Sexism</li><li>Classism </li><li>Racism</li><li>Ableism</li><li>Heterosexism </li><li>Cis-sexism </li><li>Faithism</li></ul><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2 ms-rteFontSize-4">How to Take Safe and Purposeful Action </span></strong></p><p> Kivel (2002) outlines strategies and recommendations to challenge racism and white privilege:</p><ol><li>Assume racism is everywhere, everyday:  We have to learn to see the effect of racism. You already notice the skin color of everyone you meet—now notice what difference it makes.</li><li>Notice who is at the center of attention and who is at the center of power.</li><li>Understand the interconnections between racism, economic issues, sexism, and other forms of injustice.</li><li>Learn how to effectively confront injustice. There are effective and very ineffective ways to confront, for example, racism (see resources below).</li></ol><p>For a complete list of recommendations and guidelines please visit the site below. </p><p><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source:  Centre for advanced studies in child welfare (2014).  Action strategies and activities.  Retrieved May 11, 2017 from </em><a href="https://www.cascw.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/WhitePrivilegeAction.pdf"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">https://www.cascw.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/WhitePrivilegeAction.pdf</em></a></p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Accent1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-4 ms-rteThemeFontFace-2">Resources</span></strong></p><p><a href="https://www.care2.com/causes/7-bystander-intervention-tips-for-racist-harassment.html">7 Bystander Intervention Tips for Racist Harassment</a></p><p>When we talk about oppression, privilege must be discussed.  <a href="http://psac-ncr.com/sites/ncr/files/05_expandingthecircle.pdf">This tool-kit explores concepts of privilege and how we can all become allies in the fight to end racism</a></p><p><a href="http://www.socialjustice.org/uploads/pubs/EducatorsGuideforChangingtheWorld.pdf">A guide book supporting individuals and groups as they commit to collective action against various forms of oppression.  </a> </p><p>Considered a classic article by those in the field doing anti-racist work, "White Privilege:  <a href="http://www.winnipeg.ca/clerks/boards/citizenequity/pdfs/white_privilege.pdf">Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack," can be used in workshops, classes, or team meetings as a great conversation starter.</a> </p><p><a href="https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/">Access the free Harvard Implicit Association Test</a>. This “test" will help you identify your biases (keeping in mind that we all have them). This can guide your focus as you embark on anti-oppression work.</p>
IT STARTS...with Supporting MulticulturalismIT STARTS...with Supporting Multiculturalism<h3>Multiculturalism  -Promotes the full and equitable participation of individuals and communities of all origins in the continuing evolution and shaping of all aspects of Canadian society.</h3><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><font size="3"></font></span></span></p><span><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source: Driedger, L., & Burnet, J. (2014).  The Canadian Encyclopedia:  Multiculturalism.  Retrieved May 8, 2017 from </span></span><a href="http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/multiculturalism/"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/multiculturalism/</span></span></a></p></span><h3>In 1971, Canada was the first country in the world to adopt multiculturalism as an official policy (Multiculturalism Act, 1988). This act affirmed the value and dignity of all Canadian citizens regardless of their racial or ethnic origins, their language, or their religious affiliation.</h3><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><font size="3"></font></span></span></p><span><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Source: Government of Canada (n.d.).  Canadian multiculturalism:  An inclusive citizenship.  Retrieved May 11, 2017 from </span></span><a href="http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/multiculturalism/citizenship.asp"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/multiculturalism/citizenship.asp</span></span></a></p></span><h3><span lang="EN-US">*Multiculturalism in Canada</span></h3><p>1948:  Canada adhered to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which applies to all human beings, regardless of sex, race, religion, culture or ideology.</p><p>1960:  Parliament passed the Canadian Bill of Rights, which prohibits discrimination for reasons of race, national origin, colour, religion or sex.</p><p>1970:  Canada ratified the International Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.  </p><p>1971:  Canada became the first country in the world to introduce a multiculturalism policy.</p><p>1974:  Saskatchewan became the first province to adopt legislation regarding multiculturalism.</p><p>1977:  Parliament adopted the Canadian Human Rights Act, which established the Canadian Human Rights Commission to monitor and mediate disputes over human rights in Canada.</p><p>1986:  Parliament passed the Employment Equity Act.</p><p>1996:  The Federal government established the Canadian Race Relations Foundation.</p><p>2002:  The Federal government announced that Canadian Multiculturalism Day would be held on 27 June each year.</p><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis">*For a more comprehensive timeline, please visit:  </span><a href="http://www.lop.parl.gc.ca/content/lop/ResearchPublications/2009-20-e.pdf"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis"><font color="#0066cc">http://www.lop.parl.gc.ca/content/lop/ResearchPublications/2009-20-e.pdf</font></span></a></p><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis">**2016:  Bill C-16:  Amendment to the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code to add gender identity and gender expression to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination.</span></p><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Emphasis">**For more information on this new amendment, please visit:  https://openparliament.ca/bills/42-1/C-16/</span></p><h3><span lang="EN-US">Resources</span></h3><p>This activity is designed to engage students in a process of defining culture and its complexities:  <a href="http://www.edchange.org/multicultural/activities/multicultural.html"><font color="#0066cc">http://www.edchange.org/multicultural/activities/multicultural.html</font></a></p><p>Library of Parliament paper on historical background of multiculturalism current policies across Canada and Parliamentary action: <a href="http://www.lop.parl.gc.ca/content/lop/ResearchPublications/2009-20-e.pdf"><font color="#0066cc">http://www.lop.parl.gc.ca/content/lop/ResearchPublications/2009-20-e.pdf</font></a></p><p>Welcoming Communities Framework identifies sector-specific roles and actions to establish Simcoe County as a welcoming community for newcomers: <a href="/ChildrenandCommunityServices/Documents/LIP/Welcoming%20Communities%20Framework%202014.pdf"><font color="#0066cc">http://www.simcoe.ca/ChildrenandCommunityServices/Documents/LIP/Welcoming%20Communities%20Framework%202014.pdf</font></a></p>