Express Entry (EE) is an online immigration application system. It allows potential newcomers to submit a profile and be considered as a skilled immigrant. Candidates with the highest rankings are invited to apply for permanent residency.
The Express Entry model directly targets immigrants with skills that are in demand and connects them with available jobs quickly. Federal and Provincial/Territorial governments will choose immigrants out of a pool of candidates based on labour needs. Qualified applicants can expect six months or less processing time when invited to come to Canada in four key economic streams:
- Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
- Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
- A portion of the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
Express Entry Candidate process:
If an employer would like to hire a new worker from abroad, or support one of its current workers in getting permanent residence. The worker must apply through Express Entry, and submit their application to the Canadian Job Bank.
Candidates will be ranked through a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). They will get points based on:
- Education level
- Abilities in English and/or French
- Work experience and skills
- Spouses education language abilities and work experience
- Job offer
Once the worker application is processed, an Invitation to Apply (ITA) will be issued to the highest scoring candidates.
Express Entry Employer process
Employers can hire Express Entry candidates to meet their labour needs when they can't find Canadians or permanent residents to fill job vacancies. The fact sheet below demonstrates the path employers can take when choosing Express Entry candidates .
Employers can improve selected candidates chance of being invited to apply by making a qualifying job offer in a skilled job.
Skilled work includes jobs under Skill Type 0 and Skill Level A and B in the National Occupational Classification (NOC).
The NOC is a system IRCC uses to classify jobs (occupations). Jobs are grouped based on the type of work a person does and the types of job duties. Find out more about the NOC.
Labour Market Impact Assessment:
In some cases, employers will first need to try and find a Canadian or permanent resident to fill a job. Employers will need to meet some requirements, including posting job ads on the Government of Canada's Job Bank, and advertising in two other places.
If the posting does not generate a qualified pool of candidates, Employers can apply for a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) through Employment and Social Development Canada/Service Canada. If they agree there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job, employers will get a positive LMIA.
Employers can then offer a job to an Express Entry candidate, supported by the LMIA (or, if an employer has identified a candidate they would like to hire who is not in the pool, the candidate will have to create an Express Entry profile). Then, they may be invited to apply for permanent residence in the next invitation round from the Express Entry pool.
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
In Ontario, the program is called Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP), and supports employers by facilitating the immigration of managerial, professional and skilled foreign workers, and international students needed to meet their hiring needs. This is helpful where employers are having difficulty finding the skilled workers they need.
For more information, visit: Opportunities Ontario - Ontario Immigration website
If your business is outside Quebec, IRCC's Employer Liaison Network (ELN) officers can explain how Express Entry works and can help you find candidates. ELN officers are located across Canada.