Multiculturalism -Promotes the full and equitable participation of individuals and communities of all origins in the continuing evolution and shaping of all aspects of Canadian society.
Source: Driedger, L., & Burnet, J. (2014). The Canadian Encyclopedia: Multiculturalism. Retrieved May 8, 2017 from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/multiculturalism/
In 1971, Canada was the first country in the world to adopt multiculturalism as an official policy (Multiculturalism Act, 1988). This act affirmed the value and dignity of all Canadian citizens regardless of their racial or ethnic origins, their language, or their religious affiliation.
Source: Government of Canada (n.d.). Canadian multiculturalism: An inclusive citizenship. Retrieved May 11, 2017 from http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/multiculturalism/citizenship.asp
*Multiculturalism in Canada
1948: Canada adhered to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which applies to all human beings, regardless of sex, race, religion, culture or ideology.
1960: Parliament passed the Canadian Bill of Rights, which prohibits discrimination for reasons of race, national origin, colour, religion or sex.
1970: Canada ratified the International Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
1971: Canada became the first country in the world to introduce a multiculturalism policy.
1974: Saskatchewan became the first province to adopt legislation regarding multiculturalism.
1977: Parliament adopted the Canadian Human Rights Act, which established the Canadian Human Rights Commission to monitor and mediate disputes over human rights in Canada.
1986: Parliament passed the Employment Equity Act.
1996: The Federal government established the Canadian Race Relations Foundation.
2002: The Federal government announced that Canadian Multiculturalism Day would be held on 27 June each year.
*For a more comprehensive timeline, please visit: http://www.lop.parl.gc.ca/content/lop/ResearchPublications/2009-20-e.pdf
**2016: Bill C-16: Amendment to the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code to add gender identity and gender expression to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination.
**For more information on this new amendment, please visit: https://openparliament.ca/bills/42-1/C-16/
This activity is designed to engage students in a process of defining culture and its complexities: http://www.edchange.org/multicultural/activities/multicultural.html
Library of Parliament paper on historical background of multiculturalism current policies across Canada and Parliamentary action: http://www.lop.parl.gc.ca/content/lop/ResearchPublications/2009-20-e.pdf
Welcoming Communities Framework identifies sector-specific roles and actions to establish Simcoe County as a welcoming community for newcomers: http://www.simcoe.ca/ChildrenandCommunityServices/Documents/LIP/Welcoming%20Communities%20Framework%202014.pdf